The agreement contains eight protocols, including[5]: the implementation of the peace agreement on the ground will face many other challenges, given the fragility of a civil-military transitional government, mistrust and competition between signatory movements and certain political parties, as well as the growing insecurity in many parts of the country, caused by armed militias, tribal violence, proliferation of weapons and sabotage by elements of the previous regime. There will probably also be opposition from groups such as illegal settlers, who see their interests threatened. In his speech in South Sudan, Kiir called on all Sudanese leaders not to relax and to maintain efforts for lasting peace in the country. At least 48 people have been killed and many others injured in ethnic violence in Darfur. The violence comes less than a week after a peace deal between the government and rebel groups in the troubled region. "Today we have reached a peace agreement. We`re happy. We have completed the mission," said Tut Gatluak, head of the South Sudanese mediation team, shortly before the signing. Sudanese Prime Minister Hamdok said the peace agreement would open new horizons for development, progress and prosperity. Two major rebel groups — the Sudanese People`s Liberation Movement/Northern Army (SPLM/A-N) and the Sudan Liberation Movement (SLM/A) — are not part of the peace agreement. The Sudanese overthrew a dictator and sealed a peace agreement, alone and without international support.

After signing the Juba peace agreement on 31 August, Sudan is looking to a better future, an important first step in bringing peace to conflict zones and laying the foundations for democratic transition and economic reforms across the country. Sudan`s interim government and several rebel groups have signed a historic peace agreement in Juba, the capital of South Sudan. Hundreds of thousands of people have died in various conflicts, and observers say the road ahead could be difficult. The President of the Sovereign Council of Sudan, Lieutenant-General Abdel Fattah al Burhan (left), South Sudanese President Salva Kiir (centre) and Sudanese Prime Minister Dr. Abdalla Hamdok (right), greet those who gathered in Juba, South Sudan, during the umbrella of the peace agreement with Sudan`s rebel groups. Photo: AKUOT CHOL/AFP via Getty Images. The guarantors of the agreement of Chad, Qatar, Egypt, the African Union, the European Union and the United Nations also welcomed the agreement. On 11 October 2007, the SPLM withdrew from the Government of National Unity (GoNU), accusing the central government of violating the terms of the CPA. In particular, the SPLM notes that the Khartoum-based government, dominated by the National Congress Party, has failed to withdraw more than 15,000 soldiers from the southern oil fields and not to implement the protocol on Abyei. The SPLM said it was not returning to war, while analysts found that the agreement had disintegrated for some time, partly because of the international focus on the conflict in neighbouring Darfur. [2] The Sudan Peace Agreement is a historic peace agreement signed on 31 August 2020 in South Sudan by the Sudanese government led by Abdallah Hamdok and in the presence of the head of the Sudan Sovereignty Council.

Abdel Fattah al-Burhan,[1] with the Sudan Revolutionary Front, which includes the five main Sudanese rebel groups, and at the head of the Justice and Equality Movement and the Sudan Liberation Movement, both from the Darfur region in the west, and the Sudan People`s Liberation Movement North[2], which is leading a rebellion against the Sudanese government of South Kordo and the Sudan Liberation Movement.

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